What Companies Does the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan Own: An Investor’s Guide

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The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (OTPP) is one of Canada’s largest single-profession pension plans, with a diverse portfolio of assets that span the globe. As a professional investor, the OTPP holds interests in a wide range of companies and industries, including real estate, infrastructure, and private equity investments. As the plan manages the retirement funds of hundreds of thousands of active and retired Ontario educators, it takes a structured and strategic approach to investments, focusing on generating sustainable and stable long-term returns.

Particularly noteworthy is the OTPP’s ownership of real estate and private equity investments. These include properties located around the world and stakes in various companies, indicating a sophisticated strategy designed to leverage opportunities across different asset classes and regions. The Pension Plan’s detailed governance and management practices are critical to its goal of providing secure pensions to its members, while also delivering on its promises to beneficiaries.

Key Takeaways

  • OTPP owns a variety of global assets, including real estate and equity across many sectors.
  • The investment strategy is designed to deliver long-term, sustainable returns to its members.
  • Best-in-class governance is crucial to the efficient management and oversight of the OTPP.

History and Evolution

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (OTPP), established in 1990, represents a strategic collaboration between the Ontario government and the Ontario Teachers’ Federation. Initially, the OTPP’s assets were confined to government bonds. As it evolved, the OTPP expanded its investment horizons to include a diverse portfolio.

Key Milestones:

  • Prior to 1990: Investments limited to government bonds.
  • Post-1990: Transition to a diverse mix of asset classes.

The plan underwent a significant transformation when it began investing in a range of sectors, such as public and private equity markets, real estate, infrastructure, and natural resources, to name a few. This change not only demonstrated a progressive outlook but also enhanced the growth and stability of the pension fund. The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan is now recognized as one of the world’s most influential institutional investors with a bold mandate.

Investment Sectors:

  • Fixed income
  • Equity markets (public and private)
  • Real estate
  • Infrastructure
  • Natural resources
  • Credit investments
  • Venture capital

The OTPP’s approach to investment and pension management reflects an ongoing commitment to adapt and innovate, ensuring the long-term security of teachers’ pensions. Collaboration remains a cornerstone, with the Ontario government and the Ontario Teachers’ Federation playing integral roles in shaping the plan’s policies and investment strategies.

Structure and Governance

The structure and governance of the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (OTPP) are designed to maintain a robust framework. At the helm, an independent board of directors is responsible for providing overwatch to the organization’s operations. The board is pivotal in shaping policies and ensuring that OTPP adheres to its commitments to members.

Board members are selected to represent a diverse range of experiences and expertise. They have a duty to supervise the management team and the overall health of the pension plan. As part of their role, board members also contribute to the strategic direction of OTPP.

At the center of the organization’s leadership is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO). The CEO leads the execution of the strategic plan, ensuring that OTPP delivers sustainable long-term returns for its beneficiaries. The role is critical in driving OTPP’s vision and operational success.

Oversight functions are integrated into the governance model to support transparency and accountability. OTPP employs best-in-class governance practices, which foster the reputable standing of the plan.

Policies established by the board govern how the plan operates and are essential in maintaining fidelity to OTPP’s obligations. These policies also guide the fund’s investment decisions and risk management processes.

In essence, OTPP’s governance model encapsulates the organization’s commitment to professionalism, integrity, and the prudent management of the pension plan’s assets.

Investment Strategy


The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan harnesses a nuanced investment strategy focusing on long-term sustainability and growth. This strategy encompasses a comprehensive asset allocation, diversification across sectors and geographies, and stringent risk management protocols, enabling the plan to generate consistent, risk-adjusted returns for its members.

Asset Allocation

The mix of assets held by the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan is strategically designed to balance yields and manage volatility across the portfolio. They hold a variety of asset classes, including fixed income, equitable stakes in private companies (private equity), public equities, infrastructure, and real estate. This distribution aims to position the fund for steady performance even in fluctuating markets.


They ensure the mitigation of risk by maintaining a diversified investment portfolio. Their investments in technology and other sectors allow the fund to seize growth opportunities while buffering against market shifts. By spreading investments across different assets and regions, the fund aims to enhance long-term stability and capitalize on global economic trends.

Risk Management

Risk management is a cornerstone of the plan’s investment approach. They employ advanced analytics and comprehensive due diligence to understand and manage the potential risks associated with each investment. The plan’s goal is to achieve favorable risk-adjusted returns, focusing on investments that offer attractive returns while keeping volatility within acceptable bounds. Through careful analysis and proactive tactics, they safeguard the assets against significant downturns, ensuring the security of their members’ retirement funds.

Financial Overview

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (OTPP) has a demonstrated history of strong financial performance, which is continuously reflected in their net assets and the pension benefits they deliver. Their strategic investments and commitment to long-term growth ensure that they provide sustainable pension benefits.

Net Assets

In recent financial reports, OTPP has shown a solid increase in its net assets. For instance, as of mid-year 2021, OTPP’s net assets were reported to be $227.7 billion, indicating a robust financial position. Their goal is to grow these assets further, with a target of reaching $300 billion in net assets by 2030, part of a clear and ambitious plan to make bigger bets in private markets globally.

Pension Benefits

The plan administers a defined benefit pension plan, focusing on providing lifetime pensions to Ontario teachers. This is made feasible through their consistent financial strategy which includes delivering sustainable long-term returns. In 2022, OTPP delivered a solid investment performance, which allows them to maintain their promise of being fully funded for the tenth consecutive year. The success of their investments, reflected by their total-fund net return and being able to declare a surplus, is central to providing reliable pension benefits to their members.

Global Investments


The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (OTPP) is a global investor with a diverse portfolio spanning multiple continents. They focus on a mix of assets to deliver stable returns, creating a broad, yet balanced investment strategy.

North America

Investments in North America are a cornerstone of OTPP’s portfolio. In the United States and Canada, OTPP pursues a wide range of opportunities including public and private equity, real assets, and resources. They manage an extensive network across the Americas and are headquartered in Toronto, with an office in Silicon Valley, emphasizing their commitment to technology and innovation.


With London serving as a pivotal hub, OTPP taps into the European market across the United Kingdom and beyond. They engage in strategic investments throughout Europe, seeking to diversify their asset base and embrace opportunities that span a variety of sectors, leveraging the region’s innovative landscape and stable investment climate.


The Asia-Pacific region is an area of significant growth for OTPP, with a particular focus on Singapore, Mumbai, and the broader Asian markets. This region’s dynamic economy offers various investment avenues in emerging technologies, infrastructure, and other key industries. OTPP’s presence in the Asia-Pacific is instrumental in connecting with local markets and understanding regional nuances to optimize investment success.

Key Holdings and Partnerships

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan is a major player in various sectors including real estate, infrastructure, and private companies, managing significant assets across different regions and industries.

Real Estate Properties

Cadillac Fairview sets a prime example of the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan’s involvement in the real estate sector. With high-profile assets like the Toronto-Dominion Centre, this subsidiary boasts a portfolio of iconic office complexes and shopping centers. Additionally, the plan includes ownership in premier sports and entertainment venues through Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment.

Infrastructure Projects

In infrastructure, the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan holds investments in critical transportation hubs such as Copenhagen Airport, Bristol Airport, and London City Airport. These facilities are integral to the local and regional economy, offering robust investment opportunities for the pension plan. Each airport, with its strategic position, provides a direct gateway to major cities and regions, which is indicative of the pension plan’s strategic approach to infrastructure investment.

Private Companies

Turning to the realm of private companies, the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan has a stake in GFL Environmental, a North American leader in waste management. The plan also operates in renewable energy space through Cubico Sustainable Investments, which showcases their commitment to sustainable and responsible investments. These partnerships and investments reflect the diverse and growth-oriented focus of the pension fund.

Economic Impact

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (OTPP) holds a critical role in the economic landscape through its diverse portfolio of owned companies. As one of the largest investment entities, its investment performance impacts not only the beneficiaries of the pension plan but also the broader economy.

In terms of economic outcome, the OTPP is significant for its solid investment performance, as indicated by its consistent delivery of robust returns. The returns obtained from various asset classes, such as inflation-sensitive and infrastructure investments, help in supporting the long-term sustainability of the plan. Consequently, the Ontario Teachers’ had a net return of 4.0% in 2022, with a value-added beyond benchmark of $4.4 billion.

For the pension plan’s beneficiaries, numbering over 318,000 working and retired teachers, the OTPP ensures financial security. It provides inflation protection on pensions and maintains an average contribution rate that supports both current and future retirees.

Here is a breakdown of OTPP’s impact:

  • Financial Security for Members: OTPP manages substantial assets to secure the pensions for Ontario’s teachers.
  • Investment Contributions to the Economy: By actively investing in various sectors, the OTPP contributes to economic growth and stability.
  • Stable Employment through Investments: Through its investees, the OTPP supports numerous jobs and services.

By remaining fully funded for over a decade, OTPP showcases financial resilience and demonstrates the effectiveness of its strategy, which positively influences the economic well-being of its members and the wider market.

Pension Plan Management

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan administers a defined benefit pension plan, meticulously ensuring that teachers in Ontario receive secure lifetime pensions. The management of this plan is critical as it involves strategic contributions and funding to maintain its long-term sustainability.

Defined Benefit Plans

Defined benefit pension plans are structured to offer retirees a predictable income post-retirement, based on a formula considering factors like salary history and years of service. The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan guarantees these benefits to members, which necessitates prudent investment strategies to sustain these payouts over time.

Contribution and Funding

The health of a defined benefit pension plan like the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan relies on adequate funding. Both teachers and their employers contribute to the plan, with the objective of funding the promised pension benefits. The plan’s funding status is a vital aspect, as it must accommodate the present and future financial obligations to its members.

Social Responsibility and ESG

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan places a significant emphasis on Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) criteria in its investment considerations. By actively integrating ESG factors, they aim to manage investments that balance profitability with positive social and environmental impact.

Environmental Conservancy

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan recognizes the importance of investing in industries that foster environmental conservation. Their commitment to the environment is reflected in their strategic inclusion of renewable energy and natural resources management within their portfolio. They endeavor to invest in operations and companies that demonstrate a strong policy towards environmental stewardship, minimizing the impact on the ecosystem.

Social Governance

In terms of social governance, the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan takes a firm stance on supporting companies that exhibit strong relationships with employees, supply chains, and communities. They believe in diversity and inclusion, consumer protection, and the health and safety of communities as foundational elements of responsible investing. This conscientious approach ensures that the social aspect of their investments aligns with their ethical framework and ESG objectives.

Challenges and Opportunities

In navigating the complex landscape of investment, the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan faces both challenges and opportunities, especially in sectors like financial services and technology. With its portfolio including a range of companies, they must adapt to economic uncertainty while seeking growth.

Financial Services

Within financial services, they are navigating a terrain marked by volatile interest rates and regulatory changes. The Plan, as a global investor, must balance risk management with the pursuit of new opportunities in this sector.

  • Challenge: Adapting investment strategies amidst fluctuating financial markets.
  • Opportunity: Leveraging fintech innovations to enhance portfolio diversification.


Technology investments present rapid growth potential, yet they come with a risk of sudden market shifts.

  • Challenge: Keeping pace with the rapid evolution of tech and digital markets.
  • Opportunity: Investing in high-growth tech startups which might lead the next wave of innovation.

Economic Uncertainty

The Plan must remain vigilant against economic uncertainty which could affect return on investments.

  • Challenge: Mitigating the impacts of economic downturns on investment returns.
  • Opportunity: Identifying emerging markets and sectors that can offer robust growth.

Inflation Protection

An integral part of their strategy includes inflation protection to safeguard the long-term value of the pension plan’s assets.

  • Challenge: Ensuring assets are resistant to the eroding effects of inflation.
  • Opportunity: Channeling investments into real assets that traditionally hedge against inflation.

They need to keep a holistic view of their investment landscape, balancing immediate returns with the long-term security of their members’ pensions.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan is a global investor with a diverse portfolio. These frequently asked questions can help illustrate how the plan operates, the types of investments it holds, and its overall strategy.

Which types of companies are included in the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan’s private equity portfolio?

Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan invests in a wide array of companies through its private equity arm. This includes sectors such as technology, healthcare, and consumer services.

What is the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan Board and what is its role?

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan Board is responsible for administering the plan’s pensions and investments. It ensures the sustainability and reliability of pension benefits for its members.

How is the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan funded, and who contributes to it?

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan is funded by contributions from teachers and the Ontario government. It’s designed to provide secure retirement income to teachers in Ontario.

Does the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan have investments in major sports teams?

Yes, the plan has invested in several major sports teams. These strategic investments are part of their diverse and resilient portfolio aimed at long-term benefits.

What are some notable career opportunities within the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan organization?

The Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan offers various career opportunities in areas such as investment management, finance, and administration. These roles support the plan’s mission and operations.

Could you highlight some key investment strategies the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan uses to manage its ‘dry powder?’

The Plan’s ‘dry powder,’ or reservable capital, is managed through strategies that emphasize diversification, long-term growth, and adaptability to market conditions. This approach aims to maximize returns while managing risk.